The Man of Action Team

Biology Notes

1. Unfortunately, we still know how to save and restore much worse than to destroy or divide. Now all marine life is divided between the countries in whose territorial waters it lives. One privilege has remained with fish and animals — to change citizenship without interference. For example, “Russian” cod, having gone from Kamchatka to the southeast, becomes a Japanese citizen. ” However, there is a problem - common or neutral waters. Whose fish and animals are there? There are several views on this account.

Look 1: in neutral waters, sea dwellers do not belong to anyone and become the property of the one who caught them.

Look 2: fish and animals of neutral waters belong to everyone. It is necessary to catch them together and divide profits equally.

Only two main points of view are named. What do you think, who owns the rights to the gifts of the neutral waters of the World Ocean? Is it possible to unconditionally support this or that view? It is desirable to answer this question not only from a legal but also from an environmental point of view.

2. From the very beginning of the practice of plant cultivation, the cereal — wheat and barley, rice, and millet — became its “kings”. It could not have been otherwise, because these plants produced the most abundant harvest and were, as a rule, less whimsical than, say, vegetables. The most ancient evidence of farming was found in Palestine, in the valley of Jericho. However, the tribes that lived there in the YII-YI millennia BC did not directly deal with the cultivation of the earth. The winter rains washed the fertile land from the foothills of the Judean Range, and the inhabitants of the valley threw grain right into the mud. The ancient Egyptians acted in the same way, scattering seeds on fertile silt inflicted by the Nile spills. That is why, during excavations in the river valleys and foothills, vessels with grain, numerous sculptures and drawings depicting harvesting and not a single object at least resembling a tillage tool were found. “Farming without farming” was also practiced by the ancient inhabitants of Europe about 8000 years ago. At that time, almost the entire continent was covered with broad-leaved forests, and in order to clear the area for sowing, it was necessary to set fire to the forest, and then uproot stumps and rhizomes. The ground fertilized with ashes within a year — two gave a quite good harvest. Later, the trees began to be cut down (“undercut”), and what was left of them was burned - which is why the European type of agriculture was called “slash-and-burn”. Since grasses were wildly growing on the scorched place, the destruction of the forest also appealed to the cattle breeders, so they received excellent pastures. It can be said without exaggeration that farming has changed the whole picture of society. More and more tribes moved from nomadic to sedentary lifestyles. Large settlements appeared - types of future cities and states. However, at first, people could live in one place for no more than a decade, since nearby areas of soil lost their fertility, and naturally, they did not know the methods of “treatment”.